On 30 April 2019 the EU adopted legislation on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain. Member states were required to transpose the directive into national law by 1 May 2021. Among other requirements, payment terms are capped at 30 days for perishable goods and 60 days for other agricultural and food products, from the later of delivery date or payment due date. Healthcare, school food schemes, and long-term grape contracts are excluded and five tiers of relative company sizes are set out to which these terms apply. Existing contracts have one year to comply. A stricter enforcement mechanism is also required in each member state with a designated enforcement authority. (See EU member states for local details).